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The carbon-based materials on the “pyramid” have changed the world

Carbon materials are everywhere

From small parts of mobile phones and home appliances to large ships and aircraft parts, new materials are everywhere. The carbon-based materials on the “pyramid” base are a “typical family” with many varieties, wide applications and high added value.

The development strategy of carbon material industry chain is of great significance

1. Carbon materials have changed the world

New materials are known as the "chassis" of the manufacturing industry and are an important foundation for supporting major projects and strategic emerging industries. The carbon-based materials on the "pyramid" base are a typical family with many varieties, wide applications and high added value. For example, the ablation-resistant materials of spacecraft and the brake materials of aircraft are all carbon materials. Chips, hydrogen energy, lithium batteries, nuclear reactors, and wind energy are inseparable from carbon materials. Steel, machinery, and electricity must also use carbon materials. It can be said that carbon materials have changed the world.

2. Carbon material is a symbol of human beings’ development

Most ordinary people feel that carbon-based materials are relatively unfamiliar and do not know much about them. But in fact, it is closely related to our production and life. The heat-dissipating films of mobile phones, computers, and the cells of dry batteries are carbon materials. The first material manufactured by human beings by chemical methods is carbon material charcoal. The smelting of bronze, iron and silicon is also inseparable from carbon. So, it is so called : Carbon material is a symbol of human beings’ development.

3.Carbon-based materials are dominated by carbon elements

It includes graphite, diamond, graphene, carbon nanotubes, fullerene (C60), carbon isotope C14, carbon fiber and its composite materials, which are mainly composed of carbon elements, and also includes silicon carbide and its composite materials in a broad sense. Carbon-based materials are widely used in aerospace, metallurgical machinery, electronic information, new energy and other fields. The development of carbon-based materials has brought many revolutionary changes to human society.

For example, the industrialization of synthetic diamond has promoted great changes in abrasive tools, cutting tools, etc., so that the machinery manufacturing industry has flourished; The large-scale application of lightweight and high-strength carbon fibers and their composite materials has brought revolutionary changes to the aerospace manufacturing industry. Changes have led to the birth of the American "dream plane" Boeing 787, and also made hypersonic flight a reality. For another example, graphene is known as the "king of new materials", and will bring disruptive changes to the development of 5G communications, new energy, and special new materials.

4. The 21st century is the century of carbon materials

In the field of research, research on carbon materials has also received much attention. For example, many scientists have made breakthroughs in the field of carbon materials, made great contributions to the development of human science, and won the Nobel Prize for this. Including 1906, 1960, 1996, 2010 and 2019, five Nobel Prizes were awarded for the research of a carbon element, which fully proves that carbon materials play an extremely important role in the development of human society. It is also often said that the 19th century was the century of steel, the 20th century was the century of silicon materials, and the 21st century was the century of carbon materials.




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